What is a Bulletproof Host?


Cybercriminals use bulletproof hosting services to distribute malware, engage in phishing scams, and commit other forms of online fraud that have the power to harm individuals, businesses, and government entities alike, ultimately leading to financial losses for all concerned. Check out the Best info about digital marketing for real estate.

These services tend to have relaxed hosting rules and take no action against takedown requests or legal challenges, operating even in countries without solid extradition laws.


Bulletproof hosts connote technical sophistication, infrastructure resiliency, and platforms with elaborate redundancies; however, in the security community, this term often has negative connotations. That is because bulletproof hosting providers are highly sought-after by cyber criminals such as spammers, malware distributors, and botnet operators.

These services provide the technical infrastructure necessary for perpetrators of illegal activities, ranging from disseminating malware and spam to sending spam and phishing emails. Bad actors look for features such as client anonymity, protection from law enforcement efforts, and the ability to disguise traffic from ISPs and other upstream service providers.

Some bulletproof hosts use residential and mobile IP addresses to hide from upstream service providers, while others pay bribes to local officials in countries with less stringent laws so that regulatory actions don’t apply to them. Sometimes, these services are also used for social engineering attacks like phishing.

Two Russian men were recently charged for using their bulletproof host to distribute malware and commit other illegal acts, which include renting servers, IPs, and domain names to clients for use in criminal activities – such as spreading Blackhole Exploit Kit, which caused millions in losses for banks and companies in the U.S. They may have also rented servers from another bulletproof hosting provider.


Cybercriminals devote much of their time and resources to building the various components of their attack supply chains. From coding malware, designing phishing kits, crafting initial access methods, or just sharing data dumps listing potential victims – cybercriminals require reliable infrastructure for hosting malicious files and carrying out attacks; that is why bulletproof hosts have become such an integral part of the cybercrime ecosystem.

BPHs (Base Point Hostels) are cybercriminal hideouts designed to provide threat actors with reliable servers on which to store malicious files and equipment. While security professionals have attempted to curb BPHs’ services, many remain operational – their primary reason being their location in countries with minimal law enforcement resources, and this makes them the perfect option for groups of hackers looking for covert operations.

These services typically offer features designed to attract criminals, such as obfuscation, redundancy, security, and IP logging evasion capabilities. Furthermore, many offer multiple payment options (such as cryptocurrencies ) to make it simpler for cybercriminals to purchase the service.

Also, these services typically feature cPanel, an easy-to-use user interface for those without technical knowledge, making them attractive options for cybercriminals to set up and expand their criminal infrastructure quickly.


Bulletproof hosting services are an integral component of criminal underground infrastructure, offering space on servers to host various illegal content such as malware, C2 servers, and child pornography. Their location often makes law enforcement investigations more challenging, while their payment options include anonymous cryptocurrency such as monero or methods that protect user identity such as money transfers. Plans range from monthly to triennial terms, with prices often more than double regular hosting providers.

Cybercriminals turn to bulletproof hosts to evade detection and avoid arrest. While regular hosting services take abuse complaints seriously and remove malicious machines immediately from the internet when received, these bulletproof hosts either ignore or delay taking down illegal sites; additionally, their anonymity features make them attractive to threat actors seeking somewhere to conceal their activity.

As such, bulletproof hosting has become an increasingly popular choice on the dark web and other criminal underground ecosystems. Along with offering anonymity and privacy protections, bulletproof hosting provides high-speed connections – essential for attackers conducting different forms of attack, such as brute-force attacks that require fast internet connections to succeed. The top bulletproof hosts have earned their place by consistently offering peak server performance coupled with user-friendly interfaces to make hosting scenarios manageable.


Bulletproof hosts (BPHs) are web hosting services that permit their customers to upload any content without restrictions or limits, making it popular with cybercriminals who use them for hosting phishing websites, online casinos, and spam distribution networks as well as providing infrastructure support for APT groups’ operations. BPH servers tend to be situated in countries with lax regulations regarding law enforcement, data and computing regulations, and extradition, making it more difficult for law enforcement officials to shut them down or prosecute criminals behind them.

Not only can such services serve as safe havens for cybercrime, but they can also threaten legitimate businesses by connecting them to illegal activity. Recently, an indictment was filed against a Polish national who operated a bulletproof host to support multiple ransomware attacks; he or she is charged with wire fraud conspiracy, money laundering, and international money laundering.

Cybercrime-as-a-service has reduced entry barriers for threat actors by providing technical infrastructure services that allow attackers to focus on creating malware, developing phishing kits, initial access methods, vulnerability exploits, or creating anonymization networks. However, these attacks still need a stable infrastructure host to successfully host them.

Many cybercriminals rely on bulletproof hosts to run their malicious infrastructure, but this practice is becoming less prevalent due to increased competition from rivals and efforts by security researchers to expose them. Spamhaus publishes a list of netblocks and AS numbers leased to cyber criminals; many ISPs refuse to peer or route with these addresses.

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