What Role Do Vitamins, Minerals, and Other Supplements Play in Maintaining Good Health?


Like air and water, vitamins and minerals are essential to human health. Without them, you will perish. Millions of people can’t seem to get enough of these, unfortunately. Do you think you’re getting enough of the essential nutrients? How well-versed are you in the vitamin and mineral content of various foods? If you want a happier and healthier life, keep reading.


The term “vitamin” originates from the phrase “vital amine.” Vitamins are necessary for human health, yet our bodies cannot produce them independently. Two distinct vitamin kinds exist:

Dairy products, oils, animal fats, nuts, and several vegetables are good sources of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K). Vitamins stored in excess in the body are kept in the liver and other fatty tissues. This means that you can skip a day without them.

Vitamins B, C, and folic acid are soluble in water; the B group includes vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, and B9 (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, biotin, and folate). Whole grains, fruits, and vegetables are good sources. They go through the blood to several organs. The surplus is eliminated in the form of urine. This means you can’t just stock up on them and need to consume them regularly. Unfortunately, these vitamins are lost during cooking. Eating steamed or grilled foods would be best to keep them in your body.

Eating a wide variety of foods, especially fresh produce, is the most excellent method to ensure you consume sufficient amounts of all the necessary vitamins. This is because food processing reduces its nutritional content. Vitamins are also lost from cut fruits and vegetables if stored for a long time. In some cases, frozen veggies are preferable to fresh ones since freezing helps preserve their nutrients.


Vitamins can’t do their jobs without the help of minerals. These include iron, calcium, magnesium, copper, iodine, manganese, selenium, chromium, and zinc.

Vitamins and minerals are fundamental nutrients that play essential roles in human health. Vitamin A, for instance, is necessary for good vision and strong bones. Immunity is boosted, and DNA repair is aided by vitamin E. Minerals like calcium protect women from developing osteoporosis by strengthening their bones and teeth. Hemoglobin synthesis requires iron, but goiter is avoided by sodium.

Vitamins and minerals are best consumed in moderate amounts. Vitamin deficiencies can lead to several different conditions, but getting too much of any one vitamin (especially the fat-soluble ones) can be problematic, as the body has difficulty flushing them out. Lack of essential nutrients weakens the immune system and slows the healing process. As a result, the body’s defenses weaken and become more susceptible to illness.

Vitamins and Minerals

Multivitamin use has become routine for many people. Nutritional supplements are often portrayed in advertising as if they were some essential “alma mater” to the human body. According to research published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, adults should take vitamin supplements to reduce their risk of developing chronic diseases. Given that it has already been demonstrated that accessories are scarcely necessary if you follow a balanced diet, this has aroused a dispute.

Supplement means “to add to” in this context. The pills are told to “supplement” the nutrients you already eat. This means that you should start by eating healthily. Supplemental nutrients cannot replace the dietary requirements of the body. You can’t just stop eating nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and expect to be okay.

When vitamins, minerals, or other nutrients are lacking, doctors often recommend taking nutritional supplements. They are used as a temporary measure to prevent nutritional deficiency. Nutritionally, they may be necessary for pregnant women and the elderly.

Claims that supplements can treat disease are often repeated. The availability of hundreds of different supplements complicates the situation. Vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and other substances or combinations thereof are all considered dietary supplements under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA). They come in various forms, including tablets, pills, capsules, and liquids.

Supplements to the diet come in a wide variety of forms. Micronutrients abound in vitamin and mineral pills, whereas therapeutic herbs are the focus of herbal tablets. The second type is administered to organs or tissues such as bones, skin, or the liver. Food extracts are commonly used as ingredients in vitamin supplements. Vitamin A supplements, for instance, are made from fish liver oil; vitamin B supplements from yeast or liver extracts; vitamin C supplements from rosehips; and vitamin E supplements from maize or soybean extracts. There are also synthetic alternatives to natural supplements, but they may be less effective.

Supplements: Who Needs Them the Most?

Because of their lifestyle, their health, or another factor, some people may need to increase their nutrient intake. Among them are:

Women who are expecting or nursing

Girls may require additional iron and calcium after puberty.

* The elderly

* Vegetarians and Vegans

* Picky eaters among adolescents

The Dietary

* Those who suffer from food allergies

* Individuals with eating problems, lactose intolerance, or difficulties in absorption

Those who consume an unhealthy amount of fast food

Tips That Should Not Be Forgotten

Consult your doctor before using any supplements. You don’t take it because everyone else is doing it or someone said it would benefit you. After a thorough physical examination, your doctor will recommend the appropriate nutritional supplements.

People frequently express dissatisfaction with the performance of supplements. Keeping them in direct sunlight, which depletes their nutrients, will render them ineffective. Vitamins should be kept in a cold, dry, dark area. They will stay fresh in the fridge for up to a month if stored in an airtight jar.

Vitamin pills should be taken after each meal and throughout the day. Taking them before eating is terrible since the water-soluble vitamins will be excreted in your pee.

Eating a well-rounded diet is the starting point for a healthy lifestyle. Supplements should be used only if you cannot achieve your body’s dietary needs without them. Remember that nature has provided many nutritional options to meet our daily vitamin and mineral requirements.

Supplementing your diet with vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients can help you ensure your body gets what it needs.

Read also: